Author(s): Yoshino S, Sasahara M, Hutamekalin P, Yamaki K, Mizutani N,
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Abstract BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Fab fragments (Fabs) of antibodies maintain the ability to bind specific antigens, but lack the binding site for complement as well as the site for binding to receptors on effector cells, such as macrophages that play an important role in inflammation. In the present study, we investigated whether Fabs specific for ovalbumin (OVA) were specifically able to suppress anti-OVA antibody-mediated arthritis (AOA-MA) in mice. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH: AOA-MA was induced by i.v. injection of purified anti-OVA antibodies into naïve mice followed by intra-articular (left ankle) challenge with the antigen. Anti-OVA Fabs prepared by digestion of anti-OVA antibodies with papain were injected i.v. immediately after administration of the intact antibodies. Normal Fabs were used as a control. Arthritis was assessed by thickness of the joints (caliper) and by histology of paw sections, stained with haematoxylin and eosin. KEY RESULTS: AOA-MA was markedly suppressed by anti-OVA Fabs, but not by control Fabs. Histologically, mice treated with control Fabs showed marked oedema of synovial tissues with a large number of inflammatory cells including neutrophils, whereas animals given anti-OVA Fabs had mild oedema of the synovium and sparse infiltration of such cells. The antigen-specific suppression of joint inflammation by anti-OVA Fabs was associated with reduced consumption of complement. In vitro studies showed that anti-OVA Fabs significantly blocked the binding of intact anti-OVA antibodies to OVA. CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS: Antibody-mediated arthritis appears to be specifically down-regulated by Fabs that competitively inhibit the binding of antibodies to antigens. © 2010 The Authors. British Journal of Pharmacology © 2010 The British Pharmacological Society.
This article was published in Br J Pharmacol
and referenced in Journal of Arthritis