alexa Suppression of cell proliferation and deoxyribonucleic acid synthesis in the cloned rat hepatoma H4-II-E cells overexpressing regucalcin.


Journal of Cancer Science & Therapy

Author(s): Misawa H, Inagaki S, Yamaguchi M

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Abstract The role of endogenous regucalcin (RC) in the regulation of cell proliferation was investigated in the cloned rat hepatoma H4-II-E cells overexpressing RC stably. H4-II-E cells were transfected with RC/pCXN2 vector and the multiple neomycin-resistant clones which overexpress stably RC were selected. The RC content of RC/pCXN2-transfected cells used in this study was 19.7-fold as compared with that of the parental wild type H4-II-E cells. Wild type H4-II-E cells, pCXN2 vector-transfected cells (mock type), and RC/pCXN2-transfected cells (transfectants) were cultured for 24, 48, and 72 h in the presence of fetal bovine serum (10\% FBS). Cell numbers of wild and mock type were significantly increased with the time course of culture. Cell numbers of transfectants was significantly suppressed as compared with that of wild and mock type. Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) synthesis activity in the nuclear fraction of H4-II-E cells was significantly suppressed in transfectants with culture for 12-48 h. The presence of anti-RC monoclonal antibody (10-50 ng/ml) in the reaction mixture caused a significant increase in DNA synthesis activity in the nuclei of wild type and transfectants; this increase was remarkable in transfectants. The effect of anti-RC monoclonal antibody (50 ng/ml) in increasing DNA synthesis activity in transfectants was completely prevented by the addition of regucalcin (1 microM). This study demonstrates that cell proliferation is suppressed in the cloned rat hepatoma H4-II-E overexpressing RC stably. Copyright 2001 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
This article was published in J Cell Biochem and referenced in Journal of Cancer Science & Therapy

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