alexa Suppression of iNOS expression by fucoidan is mediated by regulation of p38 MAPK, JAK STAT, AP-1 and IRF-1, and depends on up-regulation of scavenger receptor B1 expression in TNF-alpha- and IFN-gamma-stimulated C6 glioma cells.


Journal of Leukemia

Author(s): Do H, Pyo S, Sohn EH

Abstract Share this page

Abstract In neurodegenerative disorders, activated glial cells overproduce nitric oxide (NO), which causes neurotoxicity. Inducible NO synthase (iNOS) is a potential therapeutic target in neurodegenerative diseases. Here, we examined the action of fucoidan, a high-molecular-weight sulfated polysaccharide, on tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha)- and interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma)-induced NO production in C6 glioma cells. Fucoidan suppressed TNF-alpha- and IFN-gamma-induced NO production and iNOS expression. In addition, fucoidan inhibited TNF-alpha- and IFN-gamma-induced AP-1, IRF-1, JAK/STAT and p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) activation and induced scavenger receptor B1 (SR-B1) expression. Blocking of SR-B1 did not reverse the inhibitory effect of fucoidan on TNF-alpha- and IFN-gamma- stimulated NO production. However, inhibition of SR-B1 expression by siRNA increased iNOS expression and p38 phosphorylation in TNF-alpha- and IFN-gamma-stimulated C6 cells. Overall, p38 MAPK, AP-1, JAK/STAT and IRF-1 play an important role in the inhibitory effect of fucoidan on TNF-alpha- and IFN-gamma-stimulated NO production, and intracellular SR-B1 expression may be related to the inhibition of iNOS expression by fucoidan via regulation of p38 phosphorylation. The present results also suggest that fucoidan could be a potential therapeutic agent for treating inflammatory-related neuronal injury in neurological disorders. Copyright 2009 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. This article was published in J Nutr Biochem and referenced in Journal of Leukemia

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version