Author(s): Liu XH, Rose DP, Liu XH, Rose DP
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Abstract Dietary supplementation with 4\% eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), a long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acid, suppressed the development of lung metastases in nude mice from MDA-MB-435 human breast cancer cell mammary fat pad solid tumors. Zymography of primary tumor homogenates showed that this inhibition of metastasis was associated with reduced levels of 92-kDa type IV collagenase gelatinolytic activity; this isoform has been previously associated with the metastatic phenotype. The 72-kDa isoform, which was also present, may have arisen from the cancer cells, or tumor-associated host cells. In vitro, the incorporation of EPA, 0.25-1.0 micrograms/ml into the medium caused a concentration-related suppression of cultured MDA-MB-435 cell 92-kDa type IV collagenase mRNA expression.
This article was published in Cancer Lett
and referenced in Journal of Cancer Science & Therapy