alexa Suppressive effect of zinc ion on iNOS expression induced by interferon-gamma or tumor necrosis factor-alpha in murine keratinocytes.


Journal of Clinical & Experimental Dermatology Research

Author(s): Yamaoka J, Kume T, Akaike A, Miyachi Y

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Zinc, an essential metal, is a critical component of zinc binding proteins such as zinc fingers, zinc enzymes and metallothioneins. Recently, evidence for its anti-inflammatory property in skin has been accumulating, as shown in the treatment of acne, alopecia and zinc deficiency. In cutaneous inflammations, a large amount of nitric oxide (NO) is produced through induction of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) under the influence of proinflammatory cytokines, resulting in tissue damages in skin, as clarified in other organs. Therefore, we asked if the effect of zinc on NO production and/or on iNOS expression in keratinocytes may explain the anti-inflammatory property of zinc in skin. Accordingly, we sought to determine in this study whether zinc ion may have effect on IFN-gamma or TNF-alpha induced NO production and iNOS expression in cultured murine keratinocytes. Ten microM of zinc ion remarkably suppressed cytokine-induced NO production in keratinocytes. Furthermore, zinc ion also suppressed cytokine-induced iNOS expression in the protein level as well as in the messenger RNA level. These results suggest the possibility that the suppressive effect of zinc ion on cytokine-induced NO production in keratinocytes may be in part implicated in the anti-inflammatory property of zinc in some of skin disorders.

This article was published in J Dermatol Sci and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Experimental Dermatology Research

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