Author(s): Trop C, Scheistren M, Aas M, Abeler V, Lie K,
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Abstract BACKGROUND: Less than radical vulvectomy for primary vulvar cancer has been controversial. Less mutilating surgery without sacrificing benefits in prognosis is warranted. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Based on relevant literature and our own experience, we give a review of surgery and sentinel node examination in early vulvar cancer. RESULTS: Regional lymph node metastasis rarely occurs when tumour thickness is less than 1 mm. Smaller lesions (< 2 cm in diameter) should therefore be treated by wide excision only and without lymph node dissection. Other T1 lesions with deeper invasion should be radically excised with at least 2 cm margins and extend deep to the inferior fascia of the urogenital diaphragm. Complete inguinal-femoral lymphadenectomy should be performed in patients without groin metastases to avoid a small, but definite risk of recurrence, although the incidence of lymph node metastases for all clinical stage I patients is less than 10\%. Lymphatic mapping with 99mTechnetium and patent blue technique is a potentially valuable intraoperative tool for assuring removal of the sentinel node most likely to have metastasis, defining the extent of the superficial inguinal lymphadenectomy and identifying uncommon anatomic variations. INTERPRETATION: Until reliable data on the benefits of selective lymphadenectomy using intraoperative lymphoscintigraphy are available, the procedure should only be performed in an approved research setting.
This article was published in Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen
and referenced in Journal of Cytology & Histology