Author(s): Karamlou T, McCrindle BW, Williams WG
Abstract Share this page
Abstract Biventricular correction of tetralogy of Fallot was devised more than 50 years ago. Current short-term outcomes are excellent. The potential for late complications is, however, an important concern for the growing number of postrepair survivors. Progressive pulmonary valve regurgitation leading to right heart failure and arrhythmia are centrally important problems faced by these patients. New techniques are, however, likely to change the future outcomes for postrepair survivors. These techniques include percutaneous valve replacement, arrhythmia ablation surgery, and strategies that emphasize preservation of the pulmonary valve even at the cost of leaving some residual valvular stenosis. The objectives of this Review are to outline the major complications that arise late after repair of tetralogy of Fallot, to describe the surgical approaches that have been developed to avoid and manage arising complications, and to briefly explore how novel treatment paradigms could change the future long-term outlook for patients following tetralogy repair.
This article was published in Nat Clin Pract Cardiovasc Med
and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Experimental Cardiology