alexa Surgical combination therapy for vitiligo and piebaldism.


Dermatology Case Reports

Author(s): Falabella R, Barona M, Escobar C, Borrero I, Arrunategui A

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Abstract BACKGROUND: Refractory and stable defects of vitiligo and piebaldism may be unresponsive to medical therapy. Melanocyte transplantation can restore the normal pigmentation in some selected patients. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the efficacy of additional mini-grafting with 1.0-1.2-mm punch grafts to complete the restoration of achromic defects when performing surgical correction of leukoderma. METHODS: Eight patients with refractory stable leukoderma were treated with melanocyte transplantation; three with segmental vitiligo had epidermal shave, by removing the hyperpigmented macules at the periphery of achromic lesions; two others received suction epidermal grafts; and three subjects were treated by in vitro cultured epidermal autografts. All patients received additional mini-grafts in areas of residual achromia. RESULTS: The depigmented defects were 100\% restored in seven patients, and in one subject 80\% improvement was observed. CONCLUSION: Surgical methods, followed by additional mini-grafting, may be helpful to restore completely the depigmented defects when residual achromia, after treatment with the methods described above, is still present.
This article was published in Dermatol Surg and referenced in Dermatology Case Reports

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