Author(s): Kim DH, Kam AC, Chandika P, Tiel RL, Kline DG
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Abstract OBJECT: The goal of this paper was to review surgical management and outcomes in patients treated for radial nerve (RN) lesions at Louisiana State University Health Sciences over a period of 30 years. METHODS: Two hundred sixty patients with RN injuries were evaluated. The most common mechanisms of injuries involving the RN included fracture of the humerus, laceration, blunt contusions, and gunshot wounds. One hundred and eighty patients (69\%) underwent surgery. Lesions not in continuity required primary or secondary end-to-end suture repairs or graft repairs. With the use of direct intraoperative nerve action potential recording, RN injuries in which the lesion was in continuity required external or internal neurolysis or resection of the lesion followed by end-to-end suture or graft repair. A minimum of 1.5 years follow-up review was available in 90\% of the patients who underwent surgery. Motor function recovery to Grade 3 or better was observed in 10 (91\%) of 11 patients who underwent primary suture repair, 25 (83\%) of 30 who underwent secondary suture repair, 43 (80\%) of 54 who received graft repair, and 63 (98\%) of 64 in whom neurolysis was performed. Sixteen (71\%) of 21 patients with superficial sensory RN injury achieved satisfactory pain relief after complete resection of a neuroma or neurolysis. CONCLUSIONS: This study clearly demonstrates that excellent functional recovery can be achieved with proper surgical management of RN injuries.
This article was published in J Neurosurg
and referenced in International Journal of Neurorehabilitation