Author(s): Agarwal S, Sikora SS, Kumar A, Saxena R, Kapoor VK
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Abstract BACKGROUND: Corrosive injuries of the upper aero-digestive tract are a frequent cause of morbidity in India. We report here our institution's experience in managing patients with corrosive strictures of the stomach. METHODS: Records of 28 patients who underwent definitive surgery for corrosive strictures of the stomach in our institution over a 15-year period were reviewed. RESULTS: The main presenting complaints were vomiting (75\%), dysphagia (46\%) and significant weight loss (100\%). Pre-operative evaluation included barium and endoscopic studies. Most patients had antro-pyloric strictures (n=22); in 6 patients, however, near-total or total gastric involvement was observed. Thirteen (46\%) patients had associated strictures of the esophagus; of these, 7 responded to esophageal dilation. Strictures of the stomach were managed with resectional procedures like distal gastrectomy (n=16), subtotal gastrectomy (1) or total gastrectomy (3) and esophagogastrectomy (1) in 21 (75\%) patients. The remaining 7 patients underwent bypass procedures like gastrojejunostomy (5), stricturoplasty (1), and colonic bypass of esophagus and stomach (1). Three patients had entero-cutaneous fistulae in the postoperative period. One patient died in hospital of septicemia and malnutrition. CONCLUSIONS: In patients with corrosive strictures of the stomach, surgery, tailored according to the extent of gastric involvement and presence of associated esophageal strictures, gives excellent results.
This article was published in Indian J Gastroenterol
and referenced in Journal of Surgery