Author(s): Schuler PJ, Cohnen M, Greve J, Plettenberg C, Chereath J,
Abstract Share this page
Abstract CONCLUSION: Retropharyngeal abscess (RPA) is a rare, potentially life-threatening disease, requiring appropriate otorhinolaryngologic as well as radiologic diagnostics, and medical and surgical intervention by a transoral, transcervical or transnasal approach in a multidisciplinary setting. OBJECTIVES: The risks and benefits of surgical intervention in patients with RPA were assessed. The main outcome measure was the clinical resolution of the abscess. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective chart review was performed at a tertiary care university hospital over a period of 28 months. Eleven patients aged 1 to 68 years with the diagnosis of RPA were included. RESULTS: All patients presented with restricted cervical mobility and all patients had CT and/or MRI scan on admission. The mean abscess volume was 9.4 cm(3). Surgical intervention was performed in all cases, including transoral (n=5), transcervical (n=3) or combined transoral and transcervical (n=2) drainage. In one patient RPA close to the skull base was drained by an MRI-guided transnasal approach. All patients recovered; however, there was one recurrence and in one case surgical tracheotomy was unavoidable during the course of disease. Growth of streptococcal species was verified in six of the examined abscesses. Abscessing lymphadenitis, infection of a cervical cyst, and previous ganglionar local opioid analgesia treatment were identified as causative factors.
This article was published in Acta Otolaryngol
and referenced in Journal of Clinical Case Reports