alexa [Surgical treatment strategies in femoral metastases].
Oncology

Oncology

Journal of Orthopedic Oncology

Author(s): Hertlein H

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Because of the increasing survival-time of tumor-patients bone metastasis is becoming an important subject in surgery. In the case of osteolysis of the femur a concept of treatment in consideration of various localisations is presented. In 81 patients with pathological fractures of the femur or osteolysis in this region from January 1987 to June 1992 96 stabilizing operations were performed. Almost one half of the patients suffered from breast carcinoma followed by hypernephroma, Plasmocytoma, bronchial-carcinoma and prostate-carcinoma. The average survival time after stabilization of the femur was 8.3 months. After the operation the condition of the patients improved on an average by 0.64 units of the modificated Karnowsky-Index. Surgical treatment of osteolysis in the femur is indicated either in pathological fractures or if instability is imminent. Moreover patients who suffer from severe pain should also receive palliative surgery. With regard to the site of the lesion various types of endoprostheses and osteosynthesic devices can be used. If the femoral neck or the intertrochanteric region is affected arthroplasty with cemented endoprosthesis may be performed. In subtrochanteric osteolysis long and thin endoprosthesis can be used as well as Gamma-nails. Pathological fractures in the shaft of the femur should be treated with intramedullary static locked nails, which can be strengthened by supplementary lateral plates. If the distal metaphysis of the femur is involved compound osteosynthesis with methylmethacrylate and dynamic condylar screws or angle plates can be used.

This article was published in Zentralbl Chir and referenced in Journal of Orthopedic Oncology

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