Author(s): Boerschmann H, Walter M, Achenbach P, Ziegler AG, Boerschmann H, Walter M, Achenbach P, Ziegler AG
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Abstract Immunomodulatory strategies in the management of type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) have as their primary target the prevention of initiating islet autoimmunity (primary-), the secondary one is the progression to diabetes (secondary-) in non-diabetic persons at risk, and the decline of beta-cell function in new-onset patients (tertiary-prevention). This article reviews four recent immunointervention trials in patients with T1DM. (1) The Pre-POINT study is a primary prevention trial that will test whether vaccination with oral or nasal insulin can prevent the progression of islet autoimmunity and of T1DM in autoantibody-negative children who are genetically at high diabetes risk. (2) The Cord Blood study is a tertiary immunointervention trial that will test whether administration of autologous umbilical cord blood to children with T1DM can lead to regeneration of pancreatic islet insulin-producing beta-cells and improved blood glucose control. (3) The GAD Vaccination study will test whether vaccination with alum-formulated rhGAD65 (recombinant human glutamic acid decarboxylate) can preserve beta-cell function in 320 children with newly diagnosed T1DM, as has been suggested in a recent phase II study. (4) The AIDA study will test the beta-cell protective effect of interleukin-1-receptor antagonist Anakinra in 80 patients with T1DM, which has recently been shown to improve beta-cell function in patients with type 2 diabetes. Copyright Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart . New York.
This article was published in Dtsch Med Wochenschr
and referenced in Journal of AIDS & Clinical Research