alexa Survival and neurodevelopmental outcome of ELBW children at 5 years of age: comparison of two cohorts born 10 years apart.
Physicaltherapy & Rehabilitation

Physicaltherapy & Rehabilitation

International Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation

Author(s): Jonsdottir GM, Georgsdottir I, Haraldsson A, Hardardottir H, Thorkelsson T,

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Abstract AIM: To examine survival and outcome of extremely low-birth-weight (ELBW) children (birth weight < 1000 g) in two 5-year periods, 10 years apart. METHODS: In a retrospective population-based study, information on all ELBW children born in Iceland in 1991-1995 and in 2001-2005 was obtained from the National Birth Registry, hospital charts and medical records. The two periods were compared. RESULTS: In 1991-1995, 102 of 22.261 newborn children (0.5\%) were extremely low birth weight compared with 70 of 20.923 newborns (0.33\%) in 2001-2005 (p = 0.04). At 5 years of age, 52\% (35/67) of live-born children born in 1991-1995 were alive compared with 63\% (31/49) of children born in 2001 - 2005 (p = 0.2). Six ELBW children (17\%) born 1991-1995 were diagnosed with disabilities at 5 years of age, three with major neurodevelopmental disabilities compared with six (19\%) born 2001-2005, thereof one with severe neurodevelopmental disabilities (p = 0.57). CONCLUSION: The incidence of childhood disabilities in ELBW children in Iceland remains stable despite an increase in survival rate. The severity of neurodevelopmental disabilities has decreased. © 2012 The Author(s)/Acta Paediatrica © 2012 Foundation Acta Paediatrica. This article was published in Acta Paediatr and referenced in International Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation

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