Author(s): Daniels SK, Foundas AL
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Abstract The goal of this study was to examine deglutitive physiology during sequential straw drinking in healthy young adults (n = 15) to learn how sequential swallowing differs from single swallows. The physiology of single swallows has been studied extensively in healthy adults and in adults with a variety of debilitating conditions, but the physiology of sequential swallows has not been studied adequately. Videofluoroscopic analysis revealed three distinct patterns of hyolaryngeal complex (HLC) movement during sequential straw swallows: opening of the laryngeal vestibule after each swallow (Type I, 53\%), continued vestibule closure after each swallow (Type II, 27\%), and interchangeable vestibule opening and closing during the swallow sequence (Mixed, 20\%). Unlike discrete swallowing, the onset of the pharyngeal swallow occurred when the bolus was inferior to the valleculae in the majority of subjects and was significantly associated with HLC movement pattern. The leading bolus edge was inferior to the valleculae at swallow onset for Type II movement patterns. For Type I movement patterns, bolus position at swallow onset was randomly distributed between three anatomical positions: superior to the valleculae, at the level of the valleculae, and inferior to the valleculae. Preswallow pharyngeal bolus accumulation, which is common during mastication, was evident and significantly associated with the HLC pattern of opened laryngeal vestibule after each swallow. These data suggest that in healthy young adults, sequential swallows differ physiologically from discrete swallows and indicate substantial variability in deglutitive biomechanics.
This article was published in Dysphagia
and referenced in Journal of Addiction Research & Therapy