alexa Symmetrical 1-pyrrolidineacetamide showing anti-HIV activity through a new binding site on HIV-1 integrase.
Chemistry

Chemistry

Medicinal Chemistry

Author(s): Du L, Zhao YX, Yang LM, Zheng YT, Tang Y,

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Abstract AIM: To characterize the functional and pharmacological features of a symmetrical 1-pyrrolidineacetamide, N,N'-(methylene-di-4,1-phenylene) bis-1-pyrrolidineacetamide, as a new anti-HIV compound which could competitively inhibit HIV-1 integrase (IN) binding to viral DNA. METHODS: A surface plasma resonance (SPR)-based competitive assay was employed to determine the compound's inhibitory activity, and the 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol- 2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide cell assay was used to qualify the antiviral activity. The potential binding sites were predicted by molecular modeling and determined by site-directed mutagenesis and a SPR binding assay. RESULTS: 1-pyrrolidineacetamide, N,N'-(methylene-di-4,1-phenylene) bis-1-pyrrolidineacetamide could competitively inhibit IN binding to viral DNA with a 50\% inhibitory concentration (IC(50)) value of 7.29+/-0.68 micromol/L as investigated by SPR-based investigation. Another antiretroviral activity assay showed that this compound exhibited inhibition against HIV-1(IIIB) replication with a 50\% effective concentration (EC(50)) value of 40.54 micromol/L in C8166 cells, and cytotoxicity with a cytotoxic concentration value of 173.84 micromol/L in mock-infected C8166 cells. Molecular docking predicted 3 potential residues as 1-pyrrolidineacetamide, N,N'-(methylene-di-4,1-phenylene)bis-1- pyrrolidineacetamide binding sites. The importance of 3 key amino acid residues (Lys103, Lys173, and Thr174) involved in the binding was further identified by site-directed mutagenesis and a SPR binding assay. CONCLUSION: This present work identified a new anti-HIV compound through a new IN-binding site which is expected to supply new potential drug-binding site information for HIV-1 integrase inhibitor discovery and development. This article was published in Acta Pharmacol Sin and referenced in Medicinal Chemistry

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