alexa Sympathetic nervous system activation in human heart failure: Clinical implications of an updated model
Nursing

Nursing

Research & Reviews: Journal of Nursing and Health Sciences

Author(s): JS Floras

Abstract Share this page

Disturbances in cardiovascular neural regulation, influencing both disease course and survival, progress as heart failure worsens. Heart failure due to left ventricular systolic dysfunction has long been considered a state of generalized sympathetic activation, itself a reflex response to alterations in cardiac and peripheral hemodynamics that is initially appropriate, but ultimately pathological. Because arterial baroreceptor reflex vagal control of heart rate is impaired early in heart failure, a parallel reduction in its reflex buffering of sympathetic outflow has been assumed. However, it is now recognized that: 1) the time course and magnitude of sympathetic activation are target organ-specific, not generalized, and independent of ventricular systolic function; and 2) human heart failure is characterized by rapidly responsive arterial baroreflex regulation of muscle sympathetic nerve activity (MSNA), attenuated cardiopulmonary reflex modulation of MSNA, a cardiac sympathoexcitatory reflex related to increased cardiopulmonary filling pressure, and by individual variation in nonbaroreflex-mediated sympathoexcitatory mechanisms, including coexisting sleep apnea, myocardial ischemia, obesity, and reflexes from exercising muscle. Thus, sympathetic activation in the setting of impaired systolic function reflects the net balance and interaction between appropriate reflex compensatory responses to impaired systolic function and excitatory stimuli that elicit adrenergic responses in excess of homeostatic requirements. Recent observations have been incorporated into an updated model of cardiovascular neural regulation in chronic heart failure due to ventricular systolic dysfunction, with implications for the clinical evaluation of patients, application of current treatment, and development of new therapies.

  • To read the full article Visit
  • Open Access
This article was published in J Am CollCardiol and referenced in Research & Reviews: Journal of Nursing and Health Sciences

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords