Author(s): Gilbert IA, Lenner KA, McFadden ER Jr
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Abstract To explore the role of catecholamine release in the pathogenesis of exercise-induced asthma, we had seven asthmatic and seven normal subjects undergo three hourly exercise challenges that were matched for inspired air temperature, minute ventilation, and relative work loads. Pulmonary mechanics and plasma epinephrine and norepinephrine were measured before, at end exercise, and serially after each challenge. There were no differences in the pattern of sympathoadrenal response of asthmatic and normal subjects, and both groups released sufficient quantities of epinephrine and norepinephrine into the peripheral circulation to allow these compounds to function as circulating hormones. As the catecholamines rose with repetitive exercise, progressive bronchodilation occurred in the asthmatics at the end of the work load, thus decreasing the apparent magnitude of the obstructive response. In addition to their effects on airway smooth muscle, the alpha-adrenergic actions of both catecholamines may have reduced airway wall hyperemia and edema. These data demonstrate that asthmatics do not have a defect in catecholamine release during exercise and that the physiological expression of exercise-induced asthma can be modulated by the sympathoadrenal epiphenomena that are associated with physical exertion.
This article was published in J Appl Physiol (1985)
and referenced in Journal of Pulmonary & Respiratory Medicine