Author(s): Ando S, Tanaka Y, Kobayashi S, Fukui F, Iwamoto M,
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Abstract The function of a cholinergic-specific ganglioside, Chol-1alpha, was investigated. The release of acetylcholine from synaptosomes was inhibited by anti-Chol-1alpha monoclonal antibody but not by monoclonal antibodies against other brain gangliosides tested. Chol-1alpha ganglioside stimulated the high-affinity choline uptake by synaptosomes and consequently enhanced acetylcholine synthesis, resulting in an increased release of acetylcholine from synaptosomes. The memory and learning abilities of rats given anti-Chol-1alpha antibody were remarkably suppressed. These in vitro and in vivo studies suggest that Chol-1alpha ganglioside plays a pivotal role in cholinergic synaptic transmission and participates in cognitive function.
This article was published in Neurochem Res
and referenced in International Journal of Neurorehabilitation