Author(s): Donelli G, Francolini I, Romoli D, Guaglianone E, Piozzi A,
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Abstract Antibiotic therapies to eradicate medical device-associated infections often fail because of the ability of sessile bacteria, encased in their exopolysaccharide matrix, to be more drug resistant than planktonic organisms. In the last two decades, several strategies to prevent microbial adhesion and biofilm formation on the surfaces of medical devices, based mainly on the use of antiadhesive, antiseptic, and antibiotic coatings on polymer surfaces, have been developed. More recent alternative approaches are based on molecules able to interfere with quorum-sensing phenomena or to dissolve biofilms. Interestingly, a newly purified beta-N-acetylglucosaminidase, dispersin B, produced by the gram-negative periodontal pathogen Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans, is able to dissolve mature biofilms produced by Staphylococcus epidermidis as well as some other bacterial species. Therefore, in this study, we developed new polymeric matrices able to bind dispersin B either alone or in combination with an antibiotic molecule, cefamandole nafate (CEF). We showed that our functionalized polyurethanes could adsorb a significant amount of dispersin B, which was able to exert its hydrolytic activity against the exopolysaccharide matrix produced by staphylococcal strains. When microbial biofilms were exposed to both dispersin B and CEF, a synergistic action became evident, thus characterizing these polymer-dispersin B-antibiotic systems as promising, highly effective tools for preventing bacterial colonization of medical devices.
This article was published in Antimicrob Agents Chemother
and referenced in Journal of Microbial & Biochemical Technology