Author(s): Dudhgaonkar SP, Tandan SK, Bhat AS, Jadhav SH, Kumar D
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Abstract Interaction studies with inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) inhibitor have been conducted to assess the nature of interaction and the possible therapeutic advantage. The interaction between meloxicam--a selective COX-2 inhibitor--and aminoguanidine hydrochloride--a selective iNOS inhibitor-- was examined in carrageenan-induced paw edema in rats. Appropriate statistical method was applied to detect the nature of anti-inflammatory interaction. Different doses of meloxicam (1, 3, 10 and 30 mg/kg) or aminoguanidine hydrochloride (10, 30, 100 and 300 mg/kg) were administered orally to adult male albino rats. Higher doses of meloxicam (3, 10 and 30 mg/kg) showed statistically significant anti-inflammatory effect. However, aminoguanidine hydrochloride did not show any anti-inflammatory activity. Combination of sub-threshold dose of meloxicam (1 mg/kg) with increasing doses of aminoguanidine hydrochloride (30, 100 and 300 mg/kg) resulted in synergistic anti-inflammatory effect. Combined therapy with sub-threshold dose of aminoguanidine hydrochloride (30 mg/kg) with increasing doses of meloxicam (1, 3, 10 and 30 mg/kg) also resulted in synergistic anti-inflammatory effect. The possible mechanism of interaction could be the stimulation of COX-2 activity by nitric oxide (NO) by combining with heme component. These results suggest that co-administration of meloxicam and aminoguanidine hydrochloride may be an alternative in clinical control of inflammation.
This article was published in Life Sci
and referenced in Journal of Molecular and Genetic Medicine