Author(s): Ding ZM, Oster SM, Hauser SR, Toalston JE, Bell RL,
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Abstract Ethanol (EtOH) and cocaine are both self-administered into the posterior ventral tegmental area (VTA). Self-administration of either drug is prevented by coadministration of a serotonin (5-HT₃) receptor antagonist. Electrophysiological studies indicated that cocaine and EtOH can act synergistically to stimulate VTA dopamine neurons. The current experiment assessed whether cocaine and EtOH would synergistically interact to produce a reinforcing action within the posterior VTA. Adult female Wistar rats were randomly assigned to one of 13 groups. There were three control groups: artificial cerebrospinal fluid (aCSF), a subthreshold EtOH (100 mg\%) group, and a subthreshold cocaine (25 pmol/100 nl) group. The other groups self-administered 50 or 75 mg\% EtOH containing 6.25, 12.5, or 25 pmol/100 nl cocaine or 100 mg\% EtOH containing 3.12, 6.25, 12.5, or 25 pmol/100 nl cocaine. All rats received the assigned infusate for sessions 1 through 4, aCSF alone in sessions 5 and 6, and the original infusate during session 7. The effects of adding a 5-HT₃ receptor antagonist [tropisetron, C₁₇H₂₀N₂O₂ (ICS 205,930) and C₁₇H₂₂N₄O.C₄H₄O₄ (LY278-584)] on coadministration of EtOH and cocaine (75 mg\% + 12.5 pmol/100 nl) were determined. Rats failed to self-administer aCSF or the subthreshold concentration of EtOH or cocaine. All three concentrations of EtOH (50, 75, and 100 mg\%) combined with cocaine (12.5 and 25 pmol/100 nl) supported self-administration. Adding a 5HT₃ receptor antagonist attenuated coadministration of EtOH + cocaine. Overall, the data indicate that the reinforcing properties of EtOH and cocaine interacted synergistically within the posterior VTA, and these synergistic effects were mediated, at least in part, by activation of local 5-HT₃ receptors.
This article was published in J Pharmacol Exp Ther
and referenced in Journal of Addiction Research & Therapy