alexa Synovial sarcoma in older patients: clinicopathological analysis of 32 cases with emphasis on unusual histological features.


Diagnostic Pathology: Open Access

Author(s): Chan JA, McMenamin ME, Fletcher CD

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Abstract AIMS: To analyse the clinicopathological features of synovial sarcoma presenting in patients over 60 years of age, an uncommon subset which have not been specifically studied. METHODS AND RESULTS: Thirty-two cases of primary synovial sarcoma in patients aged > or =60 years were retrieved from the authors' consultation files. These were analysed histologically and immunohistochemically and clinical follow-up was obtained in 26 cases (median duration 41 months). Mean age at diagnosis was 71.6 years (range 60-84) with 19 females and 13 males. Anatomical sites were lower limb (n = 13), upper limb (n = 5), lung/pleura (n = 5), trunk (n = 4), head/neck (n = 3), mediastinum (n = 1) and scrotum (n = 1). Histologically, 23 were monophasic and nine were biphasic; 14 were poorly differentiated, of which five showed focally marked pleomorphism. Unusual features in two cases each included organoid nodules, granular cell change, squamous metaplasia and papillary architecture. Ten patients developed local recurrence and 11 developed metastases, of whom seven died. Large tumour size, poorly differentiated morphology and high mitotic rate correlated with poor outcome. CONCLUSIONS: Less than 10\% of synovial sarcomas occur in patients over 60, in which age group this diagnosis is often not considered. Despite inevitable bias in consultation material, it seems that these cases, when compared with younger age groups, more often show poorly differentiated histology and more often develop at unusual locations.
This article was published in Histopathology and referenced in Diagnostic Pathology: Open Access

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