alexa Synovial sarcoma of the abdominal wall.
Pathology

Pathology

Journal of Medical & Surgical Pathology

Author(s): Fetsch JF, Meis JM

Abstract Share this page

Abstract BACKGROUND: Synovial sarcoma usually arises in the extremities and in close proximity to large joints. Reported examples arising in the anterior abdominal wall are rare. Because most accounts from this location consist of case reports, neither clinical nor prognostic features have been well delineated. METHODS: Twenty-seven synovial sarcomas of the abdominal wall (SSAW), retrieved from the Soft Tissue Registry of the Armed Forces Institute of Pathology, were reviewed and analyzed retrospectively. Immunohistochemical stains were performed in 18 cases. RESULTS: There were specimens from 12 male and 15 female patients, ranging in age from 8 to 58 years (median, 23 years). The tumors were classified as biphasic (14), predominantly monophasic fibrous (8), and poorly differentiated (5) types. The neoplasms occasionally were cystic and typically reacted, at least focally, with antibodies directed against keratin and/or epithelial membrane antigen. Eight tumors were smaller than 5 cm.; 17 tumors were 5 cm or larger in size. Dimensions were not recorded in two cases. Follow-up, ranging from 1 to 264 months, was obtained in 18 cases. Nine individuals were alive and well and eight were dead of disease at median follow-up intervals of 98 and 26 months, respectively. One patient was dead with disease, possibly secondary to chemotherapy-related causes. All nine patients who have died had clinical evidence of metastatic disease. Patients who presented with tumors 5 cm or larger had a less favorable outcome than whose with tumors smaller than 5 cm. (58\% versus 40\% mortality). A positive correlation was noted between increased mitotic activity and the mortality rate. Although patients with biphasic and predominantly monophasic fibrous tumors had a similar mortality rate (40\% for both groups), patients with poorly differentiated synovial sarcoma fared worse (100\% mortality). In general, poorly differentiated synovial sarcomas had a higher mitotic rate than either biphasic or monophasic fibrous examples. No appreciable difference in survival was evident based on the age at presentation (< 15 versus > or = 15 years of age). CONCLUSIONS: The survival rate for patients with SSAW is similar to that reported for synovial sarcoma in general. A high mitotic rate and the poorly differentiated subtype of synovial sarcoma both were associated with a poor prognosis and, to some extent, appear interrelated. Less favorable behavior also was noted when the tumors were large (> or = 5 cm). Pluripotential or arthrogenous mesenchyme may be implicated in the pathogenesis of these tumors.
This article was published in Cancer and referenced in Journal of Medical & Surgical Pathology

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords