alexa Synthesis and evaluation of keto-glutamine analogues as inhibitors of hepatitis A virus 3C proteinase.
Chemistry

Chemistry

Organic Chemistry: Current Research

Author(s): Ramtohul YK, James MN, Vederas JC

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Abstract Hepatitis A virus (HAV) 3C enzyme is a picornaviral cysteine proteinase involved in the processing of the initially synthesized viral polyprotein and is therefore important for viral maturation and infectivity. Although it is a cysteine proteinase, this enzyme has a topology similar to those of the chymotrypsin-like serine proteinases. Since the enzyme recognizes peptide substrates with a glutamine residue at the P(1) site, a number of ketone-containing glutamine compounds analogous to nanomolar inhibitors of cathepsin K were synthesized and tested for inhibition against HAV 3C proteinase. In addition, a 3-azetidinone scaffold was incorporated into the glutamine fragment but gave only modest inhibition. However, introduction of a phthalhydrazido group alpha to the ketone moiety gave significantly better inhibitors with IC(50) values ranging from 13 to 164 microM, presumably due to the effect of intramolecular hydrogen bonding to the ketone. In addition, the tetrapeptide phthalhydrazide 24 was found to be a competitive reversible inhibitor (K(i) = 9 x 10(-6) M) and also showed no loss of inhibitory potency in the presence of dithiothreitol.
This article was published in J Org Chem and referenced in Organic Chemistry: Current Research

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