Author(s): Ko YJ, Yun KJ, Kang MS, Park J, Lee KT,
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Abstract A series of water-soluble fluorinated cationic porphyrins were designed, synthesized, and characterized. In vitro photocytotoxicity of these compounds was evaluated by MTT assay on HeLa cells. Their photocytotoxicity was dependent on the positions of the cations and the fluorines in the pyridine ring, and 5,10,15,20-tetrakis-(N-methyl-2-fluoro-pyridin-3-yl)-porphyrin (8) showed the most potent photo-induced cytotoxicity without photobleaching. PDT-induced ROS inside HeLa cells was measured with flow cytometry using ROS-sensitive fluorometric probe, 2,7-dichlorofluororescin (DCF), which revealed high correlations of ROS with cellular cytotoxicity. FACS analysis shows that PDT with porphyrin 8 induced apoptosis in HeLa cells. In summary, efficient generation of ROS, biological effectiveness, and good photostability of porphyrin 8 indicate its potential application in photodynamic therapy (PDT) in the near future.
This article was published in Bioorg Med Chem Lett
and referenced in Journal of Cancer Science & Therapy