Author(s): Katz Y, Strunk RC
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Abstract Proteins of the C1 complex, C1q, C1r, and C1s, of the classical pathway of complement activation are known to be synthesized in human skin fibroblasts. Using metabolic labeling with [35S]methionine, immunoprecipitation, and SDS-PAGE, we demonstrate that human skin fibroblasts synthesize and secrete C1 inhibitor with an apparent molecular mass of 78 kDa in the cell lysate and 102 kDa in the extracellular medium. This C1 inhibitor had the capacity to bind activated C1s. Fibroblasts synthesized 30- to 50-fold more C1 inhibitor than was synthesized in monocytes. As previously reported, fibroblasts also synthesized C1r and C1s. IFN-gamma, IFN-beta 1, and TNF had significant, but distinct, effects on synthesis of C1 inhibitor, C1r, and C1s. Incubation of the cells with IFN-gamma, 1000 U/ml, for 24 h induced increases in the synthesis of C1 inhibitor, C1r, and C1s by 4.2-, 1.9- and 1.6-fold, respectively. IFN-beta 1 had effects similar to IFN-gamma, although smaller in magnitude. TNF, 12.5 ng/ml, induced increases in the synthesis of C1 inhibitor, C1r, and C1s by 1.5-, 1.4- and 2.6-fold. IL-1, IFN-beta 2 (IL-6), and LPS did not affect synthesis of C1 inhibitor, C1r, or C1s. Fibroblasts are present in large amounts in most tissues. Synthesis of C1 inhibitor, C1r, and C1s by these cells could provide a source of these important proteins in body tissues. In addition, fibroblasts should be a good model for the in vitro study of genetic diseases involving the synthesis of these proteins.
This article was published in J Immunol
and referenced in Journal of Hematology & Thromboembolic Diseases