alexa Synthesis of macromolecules by Escherichia coli near the minimal temperature for growth.
Biochemistry

Biochemistry

Enzyme Engineering

Author(s): Shaw MK, Ingraham JL

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Abstract When a culture of Escherichia coli ML30 growing exponentially at 37 C in a glucose minimal medium was shifted abruptly to 10 C, growth decreased for about 4.5 hr. There was no net synthesis of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA), ribonucleic acid (RNA), and protein. The cells, however, respired at a rate characteristic of cells growing in the steady state at 10 C and were able to accumulate alpha-methyl-d-glucoside. When growth recommenced at 10 C, protein synthesis started at 4 hr, RNA synthesis, with a burst at 6 hr, and DNA synthesis, with a burst at 7 hr. One synchronous division occurred at about 11 hr after shifting to 10 C. There was no alteration in the steady-state RNA to protein ratio. The results are discussed in relation to other reported effects of shifts in environmental conditions. The lag at 10 C was dependent on prior conditions of growth at 37 C. Growth at 37 C under conditions giving catabolite repression were necessary for the lag to be established on shifting to 10 C.
This article was published in J Bacteriol and referenced in Enzyme Engineering

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