Author(s): Schlter M, Hentzel T, Suarez C, Koch M, Lorenz WG,
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Abstract In a search for new aqueous-phase systems for catalyzing reactions of environmental and industrial importance, we prepared novel biogenerated palladium (Pd) nanocatalysts using a "green" approach based on microorganisms isolated from high-alpine sites naturally impacted by heavy metals. Bacteria and fungi were enriched and isolated from serpentinite-influenced ponds (Totalp region, Parsenn, near Davos, Graubünden, Switzerland). Effects on growth dynamics were monitored using an automated assay in 96-well microtiter plates, which allowed for simultaneous cultivation and on-line analysis of Pd(II)- and Ni(II)-mediated growth inhibition. Microorganisms from Totalp ponds tolerated up to 3mM Pd(II) and bacterial isolates were selected for cultivation and reductive synthesis of Pd(0) nanocatalysts at microbial interfaces. During reduction of Pd(II) with formate as the electron donor, Pd(0) nanoparticles were formed and deposited in the cell envelope. The Pd(0) catalysts produced in the presence of Pd(II)-tolerant Alpine Pseudomonas species were catalytically active in the reductive dehalogenation of model polychlorinated dioxin congeners. This is the first report which shows that Pd(0) synthesized in the presence of microorganisms catalyzes the reductive dechlorination of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDDs). Because the "bioPd(0)" catalyzed the dechlorination reactions preferably via non-lateral chlorinated intermediates, such a pathway could potentially detoxify PCDDs via a "safe route". It remains to be determined whether the microbial formation of catalytically active metal catalysts (e.g., Zn, Ni, Fe) occurs in situ and whether processes involving such catalysts can alter the fate and transport of persistent organic pollutants (POPs) in Alpine habitats. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
This article was published in Chemosphere
and referenced in Journal of Nanomedicine & Nanotechnology