alexa Synthetic hexa- and heptapeptides that inhibit IL-8 from binding to and activating human blood neutrophils.
Engineering

Engineering

Biosensors Journal

Author(s): Hayashi S, Kurdowska A, Miller EJ, Albright ME, Girten BE, , Hayashi S, Kurdowska A, Miller EJ, Albright ME, Girten BE,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract IL-8 is a member of the chemokine alpha subfamily that activates and is chemotactic for neutrophils. In these studies, we have synthesized and characterized a hexapeptide inhibitor of IL-8. This peptide, with an acetylated amino terminus and an amidated carboxyl terminus (Ac-RRWWCR-NH2), inhibited the specific binding of 125I-IL-8 to neutrophils. The inhibition was biphasic and apparent Ki was estimated to be approximately 2.7 microM and 13 microM for two different IL-8 binding sites. The peptide inhibited neutrophil chemotaxis, beta-glucuronidase release from neutrophils, and rabbit skin edema induced by IL-8 with an EC50 of 90 microM, 0.8 microM, respectively. Ac-RRWWCR-NH2 also suppressed the binding of macrophage inflammatory protein (MIP) 2 beta to neutrophils. However, it did not inhibit the binding of MIP-1 alpha, C5a, or leukotriene B4 to neutrophils, chemotaxis induced by FMLP, or beta-glucuronidase release induced by FMLP, C5a, or leukotriene B4. Additional peptides were analyzed to identify a better inhibitor. Inhibition of binding by Ac-rrwwcrc-NH2 synthesized with all D-amino acids was almost four times more potent than Ac-RRWWCR-NH2. Small peptide homologues of the amino-terminal end of IL-8 failed to inhibit IL-8 binding to neutrophils. These studies have identified several peptides that significantly inhibit IL-8 function. Because IL-8 seems to be an important inflammatory mediator of several human illnesses, these peptides may have pharmacologic potential.
This article was published in J Immunol and referenced in Biosensors Journal

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords