alexa Systemic polyethylene glycol-modified (PEGylated) superoxide dismutase and catalase mixture attenuates radiation pulmonary fibrosis in the C57 bl6 mouse.
Pediatrics

Pediatrics

Journal of Pediatric Neurology and Medicine

Author(s): Machtay M, Scherpereel A, Santiago J, Lee J, McDonough J,

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Abstract PURPOSE: Since oxidative injury is implicated in radiation-induced tissue damage to the lung, we studied systemically administered polyethylene glycol (PEGylated) antioxidant enzymes (AOEs) as pulmonary radioprotectors in mice. METHODS AND MATERIALS: C57/bl6 Mice received 13.5 Gy single-dose irradiation to the thorax. One cohort also received 100 microg of a 1:1 mixture of PEG-AOEs {PEG-catalase and PEG-superoxide dismutase (SOD)} intravenously, pre-irradiation and subgroups were evaluated at variable time-points for inflammation and fibrosis. Potential for AOE tumor protection was studied by thoracic irradiation of mice with Lewis lung carcinoma. RESULTS: At 48 h post-irradiation, control irradiated mice had marked elevations of tissue p21, Bax and TGF-beta1 in lungs, not seen in irradiated, PEG-AOE-treated mice. TUNEL staining of lung sections was performed at just one time-point (24 h post-irradiation) and revealed a decrease in apoptotic cells with AOE treatment. At four months post-irradiation, these mice had significantly increased pulmonary fibrosis as measured by hydroxyproline content. Mice treated with PEG-AOE prior to irradiation had 4-month hydroxyproline levels that were similar to that of unirradiated controls (p = 0.28). This corresponded to less pulmonary fibrosis as visualized histologically when compared with mice irradiated without AOEs. PEG-AOEs did not prevent post-irradiation pulmonary inflammation or lung cancer response to irradiation. CONCLUSIONS: A mixture of PEG-SOD and PEG-CAT successfully diminished radiation pulmonary fibrosis in mice. There was also a corresponding effect on several early biomarkers of lung injury and decreased apoptosis. There were no significant effects on acute pneumonitis or tumor protection.
This article was published in Radiother Oncol and referenced in Journal of Pediatric Neurology and Medicine

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