Author(s): Sigurdardottir G, Ekman AK, Sthle M, Bivik C, Enerbck C
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Abstract BACKGROUND: Psoriasis is associated with a systemic inflammation and an increased frequency of the metabolic syndrome, both of which are believed to link psoriasis to an increased risk of cardiovascular disease. OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to investigate the systemic expression of markers of cardiovascular risk and determine their response to ultraviolet B therapy and treatment with the tumor necrosis factor-alfa inhibitor, etanercept. METHODS: Six markers of cardiovascular risk were measured in 28 patients with psoriasis and 28 control subjects. RESULTS: Five of the 6 investigated markers were elevated in patients with psoriasis. Four of these correlated to the body mass index and waist-hip ratio, suggesting a link to the metabolic syndrome. Total plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 remained elevated independently of these factors. The levels of the investigated risk markers decreased considerably after tumor necrosis factor-alfa inhibitor treatment but remained unaffected by ultraviolet therapy. LIMITATIONS: A relatively limited study population and nonrandomization are limitations. CONCLUSION: These findings suggest that the choice of treatment in psoriasis may influence the cardiovascular risk in patients with psoriasis and the metabolic syndrome. Copyright © 2014 American Academy of Dermatology, Inc. Published by Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.
This article was published in J Am Acad Dermatol
and referenced in Dermatology Case Reports