Author(s): Tller D, Steiner M, Wahl A, Kabok M, Seiler C
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Abstract BACKGROUND: Systolic right ventricular (RV) function is an important predictor in the course of various congenital and acquired heart diseases. So far, tricuspid annular motion velocity in systole as obtained by pulsed wave tissue Doppler imaging (TDI) has rarely been investigated for RV function assessment in a sizeable adult patient population. METHODS: 258 individuals were included in the study. Among them, there were 107 individuals without cardiovascular disease, 71 patients with predominant RV dysfunction, 40 patients with pulmonary artery hypertension, and 40 patients with predominant left ventricular dysfunction. The reference methods for RV systolic function assessment were biplane two-dimensional echocardiography and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI; n = 31) for the calculation of RV ejection fraction (EF). Lateral tricuspid valve annular motion velocities in systole (TVlat, cm/s) were recorded using pulsed wave TDI from the apical 4-chamber view (long axis function). RESULTS: RV EF as determined by biplane echocardiography correlated significantly with respective values as assessed by MRI: RVEFecho = RV EFMRI + 1.6; r2 = 0.569, p <0.0001. Using the best TVlat threshold of 12 cm/s, distinction between the group with RV dysfunction and the other groups was possible with 86\% sensitivity and 83\% specificity. There was a direct and significant correlation between TVlat and RV ejection fraction (p <0.0001). Using TVlat thresholds of 12 and 9 cm/s, distinction between normal RV EF (>55\%), moderately reduced (30-55\%) and severely reduced RV EF (<30\%) was possible with 84\% sensitivity and 81\% specificity, respectively with 83\% sensitivity and 67\% specificity. CONCLUSION: Systolic long axis velocity measurement of the lateral tricuspid annulus is useful and accurate to assess RV systolic function in a broad patient population. Thresholds of 12 and 9 cm/s allow differentiation between normal, moderately reduced and severely reduced RV ejection fraction.
This article was published in Swiss Med Wkly
and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Experimental Cardiology