Author(s): Sun J
The pathogenesis of multiple sclerosis (MS) is believed to involve an autoimmune component directed against the myelin sheath. One potential target Ag for such autoimmune attack is the myelin-oligodendrocyte glycoprotein (MOG) because an anti-MOG mAb has profound influence on the course of experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis, which to some extent represents an experimental model of MS. Using single cell assays, we have evaluated T and B cell reactivities to MOG in MS patients and controls. T cell reactivity was estimated by counting the number of cells that secreted IFN-gamma in response to MOG, whereas B cell reactivity was estimated by enumerating cells secreting antibodies that bound to MOG. MOG reactive T cells were detected in the peripheral blood of the majority of the 16 MS patients examined (mean 1/7299 mononuclear cells), but infrequently and at lower numbers in samples from neurologic controls. MOG-reactive T cells were more frequent among MS patients' cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) mononuclear cells (mean 1/450 cells). The T cell response to MOG was evidently MHC class II restricted, because Fab fragments of a rabbit polyclonal anti HLA-DR antibodies abrogated the Ag-induced increase in number of cells that secreted IFN-gamma, as analyzed on CSF and PBMC from three patients with MS. Anti-MOG IgG antibody-secreting cells were detected in blood in 8 of 16 MS patients (mean 1/25,641 cells), but they were also strongly accumulated in CSF, being detected in 8 of 10 MS patients examined (mean 1/265 cells), while rarely found in controls. The findings imply that MOG may represent a pathogenetically important target Ag in MS.