alexa T130I mutation in HNF-4alpha gene is a loss-of-function mutation in hepatocytes and is associated with late-onset Type 2 diabetes mellitus in Japanese subjects.
Dentistry

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Oral Health Case Reports

Author(s): Zhu Q, Yamagata K, Miura A, Shihara N, Horikawa Y,

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Abstract AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Mutations in hepatocyte nuclear factor (HNF)-4alpha gene cause a form of maturity-onset diabetes of the young (MODY1). The T130I mutation is a rare missense mutation, which affects a conserved amino acid in a DNA binding domain. This mutation can be found in the general population, so this variant alone does not cause MODY. However, its significance in the development of late-onset Type 2 diabetes is not known. METHODS: We screened 423 unrelated Japanese patients with late-onset Type 2 diabetes and 354 unrelated non-diabetic control subjects for the T130I mutation in the HNF-4alpha gene. The transactivation ability of T130I-HNF-4alpha was assessed using reporter gene assay. RESULTS: The frequency of the T130I mutation was higher in Type 2 diabetic patients ( p=0.015, odds ratio 4.3, 95\%CI 1.24-14.98) than control subjects. The serum HDL-cholesterol concentration was lower in Type 2 diabetic patients with the T130I mutation compared with those without this mutation ( p=0.006). Reporter gene analysis showed that T130I-HNF-4alpha transcriptional activity was not impaired compared with wild-type HNF-4alpha in Hela and MIN6 cells, but it was reduced in HepG2 and primary cultured mouse hepatocytes (27-78\% of wild type, p<0.05). CONCLUSION/INTERPRETATION: Our findings suggest that T130I-HNF-4alpha is a loss-of-function mutation in hepatocytes and that this mutation is associated with late-onset Type 2 diabetes in Japanese subjects. The T130I mutation in the HNF-4alpha gene might be involved in the development of Type 2 diabetes in the Japanese population. This article was published in Diabetologia and referenced in Oral Health Case Reports

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