alexa γδT17 cells promote the accumulation and expansion of myeloid-derived suppressor cells in human colorectal cancer.
Gastroenterology

Gastroenterology

Journal of Gastrointestinal Cancer and Stromal Tumors

Author(s): Wu P, Wu D, Ni C, Ye J, Chen W, Wang C, Zhang T, Han Y, Zhang T, Wu X, Gong W, Yan J, Huang J

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Development of cancer has been linked to chronic inflammation, particularly via interleukin-23 (IL-23) and IL-17 signaling pathways. However, the cellular source of IL-17 and underlying mechanisms by which IL-17-producing cells promote human colorectal cancer (CRC) remain poorly defined. Here, we demonstrate that innate γδT (γδT17) cells are the major cellular source of IL-17 in human CRC. Microbial products elicited by tumorous epithelial barrier disruption correlated with inflammatory dendritic cell (inf-DC) accumulation and γδT17 polarization in human tumors. Activated inf-DCs induced γδT17 cells to secrete IL-8, tumor necrosis factor alpha, and GM-CSF with a concomitant accumulation of immunosuppressive PMN-MDSCs in the tumor. Importantly, γδT17 cell infiltration positively correlated with tumor stages and other clinicopathological features. Our study uncovers an inf-DC-γδT17-PMN-MDSC regulatory axis in human CRC that correlates MDSC-meditated immunosuppression with tumor-elicited inflammation. These findings suggest that γδT17 cells might be key players in human CRC progression and have the potential for treatment or prognosis prediction.

This article was published in Immunity and referenced in Journal of Gastrointestinal Cancer and Stromal Tumors

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