Author(s): Omori E, Matsumoto K, Sanjo H, Sato S, Akira S,
Abstract Share this page
Abstract Transforming growth factor beta-activated kinase 1 (TAK1) functions downstream of inflammatory cytokines to activate c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) as well as NF-kappaB in several cell types. However, the functional role of TAK1 in an in vivo setting has not been determined. Here we have demonstrated that TAK1 is the major regulator of skin inflammation as well as keratinocyte death in vivo. Epidermal-specific deletion of TAK1 causes a severe inflammatory skin condition by postnatal day 6-8. The mutant skin also exhibits massive keratinocyte death. Analysis of keratinocytes isolated from the mutant skin revealed that TAK1 deficiency results in a striking increase in apoptosis in response to tumor necrosis factor (TNF). TAK1-deficient keratinocytes cannot activate NF-kappaB or JNK upon TNF treatment. These results suggest that TNF induces TAK1-deficient keratinocyte death because of the lack of NF-kappaB (and possibly JNK)-mediated cell survival signaling. Finally, we have shown that deletion of the TNF receptor can largely rescue keratinocyte death as well as inflammatory skin condition in epidermal-specific TAK1-deficient mice. Our results demonstrate that TAK1 is a master regulator of TNF signaling in skin and regulates skin inflammation and keratinocyte death.
This article was published in J Biol Chem
and referenced in Journal of Cytology & Histology