alexa Tamoxifen treatment in male infertility. I. Effect on spermatozoa.
Reproductive Medicine

Reproductive Medicine

Andrology-Open Access

Author(s): Kotoulas IG, Cardamakis E, Michopoulos J, Mitropoulos D, Dounis A

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Abstract OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of tamoxifen treatment on sperm density, motility, vitality, and morphology. DESIGN: Placebo-controlled, randomized study. SETTING: Outpatient department. INTERVENTIONS: Patients were assigned to two comparable groups: group A (n = 122) was treated with 10 mg tamoxifen twice daily for a period of 3 months and group B (n = 117) was given placebo for the same period of time, following a previously randomized design. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: In every patient sperm density, motility, viability, and morphology were evaluated 3 months after cessation of treatment. RESULTS: Mean sperm density in group A improved significantly with a more pronounced improvement in severe oligozoospermic men. Sperm density was found significantly improved compared with group B. Dead spermatozoa in group A significantly decreased after tamoxifen treatment and were also found significantly decreased compared with group B. CONCLUSION: It is concluded that tamoxifen exerts a beneficial effect on sperm density and number of live spermatozoa but it has no substantial effect in sperm motility and morphology.
This article was published in Fertil Steril and referenced in Andrology-Open Access

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