Author(s): Ham AS, Cost MR, Sassi AB, Dezzutti CS, Rohan LC, Ham AS, Cost MR, Sassi AB, Dezzutti CS, Rohan LC
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Abstract PURPOSE: Nanoparticles formulated from the biodegradable co-polymer poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA), were investigated as a drug delivery system to enhance tissue uptake, permeation, and targeting for PSC-RANTES anti-HIV-1 activity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: PSC-RANTES nanoparticles formulated via a double emulsion process and characterized in both in vitro and ex vivo systems to determine PSC-RANTES release rate, nanoparticle tissue permeation, and anti-HIV bioactivity. RESULTS: Spherical, monodisperse (PDI = 0.098 +/- 0.054) PSC-RANTES nanoparticles (d = 256.58 +/- 19.57 nm) with an encapsulation efficiency of 82.23 +/- 8.35\% were manufactured. In vitro release studies demonstrated a controlled release profile of PSC-RANTES (71.48 +/- 5.25\% release). PSC-RANTES nanoparticle maintained comparable anti-HIV activity with unformulated PSC-RANTES in a HeLa cell-based system with an IC(50) of approximately 1pM. In an ex vivo cervical tissue model, PSC-RANTES nanoparticles displayed a fivefold increase in tissue uptake, enhanced tissue permeation, and significant localization at the basal layers of the epithelium over unformulated PSC-RANTES. CONCLUSIONS: These results indicate that PSC-RANTES can readily be encapsulated into a PLGA nanoparticle drug delivery system, retain its anti-HIV-1 activity, and deliver PSC-RANTES to the target tissue. This is crucial for the success of this drug candidate as a topical microbicide product.
This article was published in Pharm Res
and referenced in Journal of AIDS & Clinical Research