Author(s): Walker JM, Krey JF, Chen JS, Vefring E, Jahnsen JA,
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Abstract Mass spectrometric approaches to the identification and quantification of lipid signalling molecules are reviewed. Fatty acid amides are an important new class of lipid signalling molecules which include oleamide, the endocannabinoid anandamide, the endovanilloid/endocannabinoid N-arachidonoyldopamine (NADA) and the endovanilloid N-oleoyldopamine (OLDA) among many others. This diverse group of endogenous compounds comprises combinations of acyl backbones coupled by an amide bond to any of a variety of different small polar molecules such as ethanolamine, various amino acids, and catecholamines. Many fatty acid amides appear to play a role in pain and inflammation. Targeted lipidomics of fatty acid amides aims to identify new members of this diverse class of compounds, of which only a few representative molecules have been characterized to date. This effort has been made feasible by advances in chromatography and mass spectrometry, which permits: (1) identification of compounds present in complex mixtures, (2) astronomical increases in sensitivity due to miniaturization of HPLC components, and (3) novel scanning modes that permit the identification of compounds exhibiting similar structural components. Insofar as lipid signalling molecules such as prostanoids, leukotrienes and endocannabinoids operate via G-protein coupled receptors (GPCR), it appears likely that many of the numerous lipids awaiting identification may serve as ligands for any of the greater than 150 orphan GPCRs.
This article was published in Prostaglandins Other Lipid Mediat
and referenced in Journal of Glycomics & Lipidomics