Author(s): Senchenkov A, Litvak DA, Cabot MC
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Abstract Inherent or acquired drug resistance, which frequently characterizes cancer cells, is caused by multiple mechanisms, including dysfunctional metabolism of the lipid second messenger ceramide. Ceramide, the basic structural unit of the sphingolipids, plays a role in activating cell death signals initiated by cytokines, chemotherapeutic agents, and ionizing radiation. Recent discoveries about the metabolism of ceramide suggest that this agent may have an important influence on the effectiveness of various cancer therapeutics. In particular, the cytotoxic effect of chemotherapy is decreased when generation of ceramide is impaired but is increased when the degradation of ceramide is blocked. Herein, we review the mechanisms of resistance to chemotherapeutic agents in terms of ceramide metabolism.
This article was published in J Natl Cancer Inst
and referenced in Translational Medicine