alexa Temperature-dependent subunit exchange and chaperone-like activities of Hsp16.3, a small heat shock protein from Mycobacterium tuberculosis.


Biochemistry & Analytical Biochemistry

Author(s): Fu X, Chang Z

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Abstract Small heat shock proteins (sHsps) usually exist as oligomers that undergo dynamic oligomeric dissociation/re-association, with the dissociated oligomers as active forms to bind substrate proteins under heat shock conditions. In this study, however, we found that Hsp16.3, one sHsp from Mycobacterium tuberculosis, is able to sensitively modulate its chaperone-like activity in a range of physiological temperatures (from 25 to 37.5 degrees C) while its native oligomeric size is still maintained. Further analysis demonstrated that Hsp16.3 exposes higher hydrophobic surfaces upon temperatures increasing and that a large soluble complex between Hsp16.3 and substrate is formed only in the condition of heating temperature up to 35 and 37.5 degrees C. Structural analysis by fluorescence anisotropy showed that Hsp16.3 nonameric structure becomes more dynamic and variable at elevated temperatures. Moreover, subunit exchange between Hsp16.3 oligomers was found to occur faster upon temperatures increasing as revealed by fluorescence energy resonance transfer. These observations indicate that Hsp16.3 is able to modulate its chaperone activity by adjusting the dynamics of oligomeric dissociation/re-association process while maintaining its static oligomeric size unchangeable. A kinetic model is therefore proposed to explain the mechanism of sHsps-binding substrate proteins through oligomeric dissociation. The present study also implied that Hsp16.3 is at least capable of binding non-native proteins in vivo while expressing in the host organism that survives at 37 degrees C. This article was published in Biochem Biophys Res Commun and referenced in Biochemistry & Analytical Biochemistry

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