Author(s): Tokuyama H, Iwama T
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Abstract The feasibility of temperature-swing adsorption of heavy metals on a thermosensitive N-isopropylacrylamide (NIPA) hydrogel was examined. We have proposed a novel temperature-swing solid-phase extraction (TS-SPE) technique. First, a metal ion in an aqueous solution is complexed with an extractant. Subsequently, the metal-extractant complexes (or micelles) are adsorbed onto the NIPA hydrogel through a hydrophobic interaction above the lower critical solution temperature (LCST). Finally, the metal-extractant complexes are desorbed from the NIPA hydrogel after it is cooled below the LCST. In a model system consisting of Cu(II) ions, sodium n-dodecylbenzenesulfonate (SDBS), and NIPA hydrogel, the proposed TS-SPE technique has been successfully conducted. The following observations can be made: the amount of adsorbed Cu(II) ions increases with the increase in temperature, the maximum adsorption is attained at a temperature above the LCST, and the hydrogel adsorbs and desorbs Cu(II) ions reversibly due to the temperature-swing between 10 and 40 degrees C. The LCSTs of poly(NIPA) in aqueous SDBS solutions with/without CuCl2 and the surface tensions of their solutions suggest that the hydrophobicity of the complex Cu(DBS)2 is greater than the hydrophobicities of SDBS and DBS. In addition to the separation of heavy metals, TS-SPE is potentially applicable to cases such as the separation of biological molecules by means of metal-ion affinity.
This article was published in Langmuir
and referenced in Journal of Environmental & Analytical Toxicology