Author(s): Schildhauer TA, Nork SE, Sangeorzan BJ
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Abstract Severe crush injuries to the midfoot often involve comminuted cuneiform or tarsal navicular fractures. Treatment principles for the bony injury of the crushed midfoot include maintenance of the medial column length and alignment, as well as appropriate stable fixation after open or closed fracture reductions. This is especially important because outcomes after midfoot injuries are related to the stability of the medial longitudinal arch of the foot. Treatment options include closed reduction and isolated K-wire fixation, limited open reduction and internal fixation with K-wires, screw fixation directed from the navicular to the cuneiforms, spanning external fixation between the talus and the first metatarsal, or combinations of these techniques. Limited internal fixation combined with external fixation may be difficult or impossible in comminuted fractures secondary to the small size and large number of bony fragments. Also, the external fixator is a potential source of pin tract infections. We propose a temporary internal bridge plating technique of the medial column of the foot using an 8- to 10-hole, 2.7-mm reconstruction plate between the talar neck and the first metatarsal, which may provide adequate temporary internal stabilization until bony healing occurs.
This article was published in J Orthop Trauma
and referenced in Journal of Clinical Case Reports