Author(s): Ghazali A, Breque C, Lger A, Scpi M, Oriot D
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Abstract INTRODUCTION: Chest tube insertion is a frequent procedure in cases of traumatic pneumothorax, but severe complications can occur if not well performed. Although simulation-based training in chest tube insertion has improved performance, an affordable and realistic model for surgical insertion of a chest tube is lacking. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to design a model for surgical chest tube insertion that would be realistic, affordable, and transportable and that would reflect all extrathoracic and intrathoracic steps of the procedure. METHODS: The model was a task trainer designed by 4 experts in our simulation laboratory combining plastic, electronic, and biologic material. The cost of supplies needed for construction was evaluated. The model was used and tested over 30 months on 56 participants, of whom 44 were surveyed regarding the realism of the model. RESULTS: The model involved a half chest wall (lamb) on a plastic box, connected to a webcam facilitating assessment of the extrathoracic and intrathoracic steps of the procedure, for a cost of €60. Chest tubes, water seal package, and sterile instruments costed €200. All anatomic structures were represented during surgical insertion of chest tube. The demonstration contributed to teaching small groups of up to 8 participants and was reproducible over 30 months of diversely located courses. Anatomic correlation, realism, and learning experience were highly rated by users. CONCLUSIONS: This model for surgical chest tube insertion in traumatic pneumothorax was found to be realistic, affordable, and transportable. Furthermore, it allowed comprehensive assessment of the extrathoracic and intrathoracic procedural steps.
This article was published in Simul Healthc
and referenced in Journal of Pulmonary & Respiratory Medicine