alexa Testosterone stimulates intracellular calcium release and mitogen-activated protein kinases via a G protein-coupled receptor in skeletal muscle cells.
Diabetes & Endocrinology

Diabetes & Endocrinology

Journal of Steroids & Hormonal Science

Author(s): Estrada M, Espinosa A, Mller M, Jaimovich E

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Abstract Involvement of intracellular Ca(2+) and ERK1/2 phosphorylation in the fast nongenomic effects of androgens in myotubes was investigated. Testosterone or nandrolone produced fast (<1 min) and transient increases in intracellular Ca(2+) with an oscillatory pattern. Calcium signals were slightly reduced in Ca(2+)-free medium, but lack of oscillations was evident. Signals were blocked by U-73122 and xestospongin B, inhibitors of inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP(3)) pathway. Furthermore, IP(3) increased transiently 2- to 3-fold 45 sec after hormone addition. Cyproterone neither affected the fast Ca(2+) signal nor the increase in IP(3). Calcium increases could also be induced by the impermeant testosterone conjugated to BSA, and the effect of testosterone was abolished in cells incubated with guanosine 5'-O-(2-thiodiphosphate) or pertussis toxin. Stimulation of myotubes with testosterone, nandrolone, or testosterone conjugated to BSA increased immunodetectable phosphorylation of ERK1/2 within 5 min, and this effect was not inhibited by cyproterone. Phosphorylation was blocked by the use of 1,2-bis(2-aminophenoxy)ethane-N,N,N',N'-tetraacetic acid-acetoxymethylester, U-73122, and xestospongin B as well as by dominant negative Ras, MAPK kinase (MEK), or the MEK inhibitor PD-98059. In addition, guanosine 5'-O-(2-thiodiphosphate) or pertussis toxin blocked ERK1/2 phosphorylation. These results are consistent with a fast effect of testosterone, involving a G protein-linked receptor at the plasma membrane, IP(3)-mediated Ca(2+) signal, and the Ras/MEK/ERK pathway in muscle cells. This article was published in Endocrinology and referenced in Journal of Steroids & Hormonal Science

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