alexa Tetrasomy Y by structural rearrangement: clinical report.
Reproductive Medicine

Reproductive Medicine

Gynecology & Obstetrics

Author(s): DesGroseilliers M, Lemyre E, Dallaire L

Abstract Share this page

Poly-Y karyotypes, except for 47,XYY, are rare events in humans. For instance, Y chromosome tetrasomy has been reported 10 times, 2 of which were by structural rearrangement. We present a 2-year-and-4-month-old boy who was referred for cytogenetic assessment because of global psychomotor delay. The GTG- and CBG-banded karyotypes on PHA-stimulated lymphocytes showed two cell populations, one of them contained two identical isodicentric Y chromosomes, which was seen in 93% of metaphases analyzed, and a 45,X cell line (7%). This was confirmed by FISH with probes DYZ3 (recognizing the centromeric region of the Y chromosome), 91H4.5 (recognizing Yp11.2), and DYZ1 (recognizing Y heterochromatin in Yq12). The breakpoint has occurred near the telomeric end of the heterochromatic region. Therefore, the karyotype is mos 47,X,idic(Y)(q12)x2[123]/45,X[9]. This is the second time that such a karyotype has been reported. This chromosomal anomaly was formed most likely by a U-type exchange. Clinical features included speech delay, short stature, brachycephaly, large ears, bilateral epicanthal folds, hypertelorism, delayed teeth eruption, bilateral radio-ulnar synostosis, bilateral fifth finger clinodactyly, normal external genitalia, and impulsive behavior. The father had normal phenotype and karyotype. A review of the tetrasomy Y patients is presented. All patients with Y chromosome tetrasomy exhibit some degree of mental retardation, various skeletal abnormalities, and facial dysmorphism. Nevertheless, the correlation between karyotype and phenotype is not yet well defined since few cases have been reported. This clinical report will be helpful in defining the phenotypic range associated with tetrasomy Y.

This article was published in Am J Med Genet. and referenced in Gynecology & Obstetrics

Relevant Expert PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

OMICS International Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

agrifoodaquavet@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

clinical_biochem@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

business@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

chemicaleng_chemistry@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

environmentalsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

engineering@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

generalsci_healthcare@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

genetics_molbio@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

immuno_microbio@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

omics@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

materialsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

mathematics_physics@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

medical@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

neuro_psychology@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

pharma@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

social_politicalsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version