Author(s): Cook JL, Jones RM
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Abstract OBJECTIVE: We examined relations between young adult texting and accessing the web while driving with driving outcomes (viz. crashes and traffic citations). Our premise is that engaging in texting and accessing the web while driving is not only distracting but that these activities represent a pattern of behavior that leads to an increase in unwanted outcomes, such as crashes and citations. METHODS: College students (N = 274) on 3 campuses (one in California and 2 in Utah) completed an electronic questionnaire regarding their driving experience and cell phone use. RESULTS: Our data indicate that 3 out of 4 (74.3\%) young adults engage in texting while driving, over half on a weekly basis (51.8\%), and some engage in accessing the web while driving (16.8\%). Data analysis revealed a relationship between these cell phone behaviors and traffic citations and crashes. CONCLUSION: The findings support Jessor and Jessor's (1977) "problem behavior syndrome" by showing that traffic citations are related to texting and accessing the web while driving and that crashes are related to accessing the web while driving. Limitations and recommendations are discussed.
This article was published in Traffic Inj Prev
and referenced in Journal of Ergonomics