Author(s): Franchi A, Benvenuti S, Masi L, Malentacchi C, Arganini L,
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Abstract The authors examined the distribution of tumor growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) isoforms and receptors in 35 giant cell tumor (GCT) of bone in comparison with a group of benign giant cell-containing lesions of bone, including 5 aneurysmal bone cysts, 2 cases of brown tumor of hyperparathyroidism, 3 nonossifying fibromas, and 7 cases of giant cell reparative granuloma. The results of immunohistochemical analysis of GCT showed a complete absence of TGF-beta1 expression in both mononuclear tumor cells and giant cells. Only reactive bone present within the tumor showed an intense immunoreactivity. Transforming growth factor-beta2 and TGF-beta3 were detected in the majority of cases (97.1\% and 82.8\%, respectively), whereas TGF-beta receptor type I (TGF-beta RI) and type II (TGF-beta RII) were diffusely expressed in all cases. Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) analysis performed on 10 GCTs with specific oligonucleotide primers demonstrated the presence of mRNA transcripts for TGF-beta1, 2, 3, and for TGF-beta RI and RII. Quantitative measurements of TGF-beta1 in conditioned media from primary cultures of GCT showed undetectable or very low amounts of the cytokine (0-23 pg/mL). The results of immunohistochemical analysis showed that all giant cell-containing lesions of bone were at least focally positive for the 3 isoform of TGF-beta, with positivity present both in osteoclast-like giant cells and mononuclear cells, and diffusely positive for TGF-beta RI and RII. Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction analysis conducted on samples from 3 nonossifying fibromas and 1 giant cell reparative granuloma confirmed the expression of the corresponding mRNA. In conclusion, according to the current data, GCT of bone can be distinguished from other giant cell-containing lesions of bone on the basis of the absence of TGF-beta1 expression at the protein level, which appears to be the result of posttranslational regulation processes.
This article was published in Appl Immunohistochem Mol Morphol
and referenced in Journal of Nephrology & Therapeutics