alexa TGF-beta1: immunosuppressant and viability factor for T lymphocytes.
Mathematics

Mathematics

Journal of Applied & Computational Mathematics

Author(s): Cerwenka A, Swain SL

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Abstract Transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) is a multifunctional cytokine with multiple roles in the immune system. To date, it has been difficult to develop a comprehensive picture of the effect of TGF-beta on T lymphocytes, because TGF-beta not only acts directly on T lymphocytes, but also acts indirectly by regulating the function of antigen-presenting cells. In early studies, it was mostly the inhibitory function of TGF-beta that was demonstrated; recently, however TGF-beta was recognized as an antiapoptotic survival factor for T lymphocytes. The outcome of the TGF-beta effect on T lymphocytes was shown to strongly depend on their stage of differentiation and on the cytokine milieu. TGF-beta cannot be classified as a classical Th1 or Th2 cytokine. However, recently the existence of the TGF-beta-producing Th3 subset was described which might play an important regulatory role during an immune response. A better understanding of the molecular mechanism of how TGF-beta inhibits or stimulates T lymphocytes will help to predict the complex functions of this cytokine.
This article was published in Microbes Infect and referenced in Journal of Applied & Computational Mathematics

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